A male Greenfinch perched on branch in snow, UK


Carduelis chloris

Key Facts

  • Length: 15cm
  • Wingspan: 26cm
  • Weight: 28g
  • Average lifespan: 2 years

A common, large finch of gardens, parks, woodland and farmland, the Greenfinch feeds on seeds, and will visit birdtables and feeders in gardens.

In winter, they form flocks with other finches, and can be seen roaming the countryside and parklands for food. Greenfinches nest in small colonies in tree and bushes. In spring, they perform a display flight, showing off their yellow wing and tail patches. Between four and six eggs are produced and the chicks are fully fledged 18 days after hatching.

How to Identify

Greenfinches are large, chunky finches that are mostly olive-green, but with a yellow patch on the wings and tail. Females are grey-green with less yellow.

Where to Find


How People Can Help

You can help to look after Greenfinches and other garden birds by providing food and water for them – it doesn’t matter if you have a big garden or live in a high-rise flat, there are plenty of feeders, baths and food choices out there to suit all kinds of situations. To find out more about encouraging wildlife into your garden, visit our Wild About Gardens website: a joint initiative with the RHS, there’s plenty of facts and tips to get you started.

Did you know?

Greenfinches can also be found in both Australia and New Zealand, where they were introduced by English settlers to remind them of home.

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